Five components are core to a PreK-3rd approach to education. Implementation will vary across sites, but the core components below constitute the operating principles of any PreK-3rd approach:


School Organization

  • Voluntary full-school-day PreKindergarten is provided for all three- and four-year old children.
  • Full-school-day Kindergarten that builds on PreK experiences is required for all children.
  • School districts and Superintendents provide principals and teachers with on-going professional development and joint planning time to ensure alignment.
  • Principals foster collaboration among PreK-3rd teachers that strengthens alignment.
  • Principals connect elementary schools with families and all early childhood programs in their communities.

Qualified Teachers

  • All teachers have at least a Bachelor's Degree with relevant specialized training.
  • Preparation and certification enable teachers to teach at any grade level from PreK to Third Grade.
  • Teachers are capable of assessing students' achievement and assisting each student to make progress based on regular assessments that inform instruction.

Classrooms as Learning Environments

  • Instruction balances child-centered approaches with teacher-directed approaches.
  • Well-rounded curriculum, including literacy, math, arts, physical education, social and emotional learning, history, and science. 
  • Classes are staffed by a well-qualified teacher and assistant teacher.
  • Student-teacher ratios allow each child to receive individual attention and foster strong relationships with adults in the school.

Accountability to Parents and Communities

  • Family engagement focused on supporting what children learn in school. 
  • Teachers and families work to set educational goals for children.
  • Schools are responsible for reporting students' progress to families, communities, the school district, and the state.